One prime thing that we would recommend to every new pool owner is to get familiar with pool basics first. It does not mean you have to fix or even maintain your own pool as there are plenty of pros in the market who can take care of that for you. But trust us when we say that ignorance is NOT bliss when it comes to swimming pools of any kind. We have served thousands of calls from frustrated pool owners every year and in most cases, only a better understanding of pools and their pool equipment would ease much of their problems.
Getting primed on mandatory pool basics will make you a smarter consumer, and when something does need to be repaired or replaced you can even do it yourself. Moreover, you might also be quicker to spot any potential issues and correct them on time. So, here is an overview of swimming pools and their chemistry that you must go through once before getting a pool.
Types of Swimming Pools
1- Above Ground Swimming Pools
These types of pools are typically round, oval or rectangular in shape, and consist of an instant frame that is built on top of level ground. Inside the frame, a vinyl liner is attached that creates the basin to hold the water. All of the above ground pool frames have wall panels, erect supports, bottom tracks, and top rails. These are typically made of steel or aluminum, or a combination of metal and resin components.
2- In Ground Swimming Pools
With the advent of technology and many possible variations, the in-ground swimming pools can be constructed in any desired shape and size. Concrete construction offers the most options as each shell is made customizable according to the given design. Other options include fiberglass or stainless-steel pools that are selected and chosen by the customers from the performed shell designs. However, some of them are also constructed using vinyl liners that are similar to above-ground pools.
1- Main Drains
Positioned at the lowest point of the swimming pool, round or square shaped drained are found on the pool floor. The mechanism of main drains is to pull water from the pool floor and help it to move along the pump and filter. Heavier and non-floating debris find its way to the main drains as they can not get filtered due to their weight and mass. Traditional pools used to have only one main drain, but new construction supports at least two antivortex drains. The antivortex design and dual drains are highly imperative as they prevent suction entrapment that can result in serious injuries or even death. It is optimal for above-ground pools, but it does not make cleaning easier.
Positioned at the pool surface, skimmers look like a small swinging door in the pool wall, and the door is just a part of it called a weir. The mechanism of a skimmer’s weir is that as it flaps back ad forth, it skims any sort of floating debris into its basket that is located behind it. This basket keeps the debris out of the pool as more water is drawn in and send to the pump. Above-ground pools usually have one skimmer, but in-ground pools can have more than one.
It is the most crucial piece of equipment that moves water through the entire system. The motor of the pump spins an impeller that creates centrifugal force and sucks in water through the pump strainer basket. It then pushes it out under pressure. Afterward, water leaving the pump then moves on to the filter.
It is the big tank that catches almost all of the smaller particles and dirt that are floating around in your swimming pool. Depending on what type of filter you own, the trapping particle force ranges from 1 to 40 microns in size. The debris mainly comes from sunscreen, body oils, bacteria, sweat, etc. The filter plays an integral part in keeping the pool water clean and healthy.
These are the main parts of a swimming pool that you must het familiar with before getting one for yourself.